History of the sewing machine
After the Industrial Revolution in the mid-18th century, mass production in the textile industry contributed to the invention and development of the sewing machine.
In 1790, Thomas Satterfield, an American woodworker, first invented the world's first single-thread chain-stitch hand-crank sewing machine that punched holes first and threaded them later for sewing leather shoes.
In 1841, French tailor Barthelemy Thimonnier (also known as Barthelemy Dimonnier) invented and manufactured the chainstitch sewing machine with a machine needle and hook.
In 1845, Elias Howe (also known as Elias Howe) also independently invented the sewing machine, and in 1851, I.M. Katsuya (also known as Letchak Merritt Katsuya), an American mechanic, invented the lockstitch sewing machine and founded the Katsuya Company.
Sewing machines of this period were basically hand-cranked.
In 1859, the Katsuya Company invented the foot-operated sewing machine.
After the invention of the electric motor by Thomas and Edison, the electric motor-driven sewing machine was invented by the Seung-Ja Company in 1889.
From then on, a new era of sewing machine industry was created.
In 1940, the Swiss company Elna invented the portable home sewing machine with a cylinder base plate and cast aluminum case with an electric motor inside.
After 1950, the multifunctional sewing machine for home use was further developed.
Established in 1851, Seung-Ja was the first company to start producing sewing machines in the U.S. At that time, the production of sewing machines was second only to clocks.
In 1870, there were 69 companies producing sewing machines in the U.S. In 1871, the annual production of sewing machines in the U.S. was 700,000 units.
By 1891, the Seung family of companies had produced a total of 10 million sewing machines.
It can be said that for a long time, the company basically monopolized the production of sewing machines in the world.
After World War II, the sewing machine industry in the former West Germany, Italy and Japan developed rapidly, and most of the companies in Europe started to produce industrial sewing machines, except for those companies that still produced high-grade traditional household sewing machines.
During this period, Japanese sewing machine companies, with the financial support of ***, started to produce cheap sewing machines and sold them to the United States and other parts of the world.
In the early 70s, the market for domestic sewing machines in the advanced industrial countries was saturated and Japanese companies, with rising labor costs, had to turn to the production of industrial sewing machines, while South Korea, in particular, seized the opportunity of Taiwan, which led to the rise of the sewing machine industry, producing mid- and low-end sewing machines and putting them on the international market.
The world sewing machine industry has experienced a shift from Europe and the United States to Japan, Korea, Taiwan and Singapore, and since the early 1990s, it has started a full-scale shift to China, with more than 70% of the world's sewing machine production in China at the beginning of the 21st century.
However, 70%-90% of the domestic high-end machine market is occupied by Japanese and German companies.
As for the middle and low-end sewing machine products, the world sewing machine industry has completed its transfer to China, and the industrial transfer has gradually extended to the middle and high-end products.
With the increasing competition in the sewing machine manufacturing industry, the integration of mergers and acquisitions and capital operations among large sewing machine manufacturing enterprises are becoming more frequent. Domestic outstanding sewing machine manufacturing enterprises are paying more and more attention to the research of the industry market, especially the in-depth study of the industrial development environment and product buyers.